Wednesday 23 January 2nd week
The Eucharistic Sacrifice in Orthodox Theology: 12th Century Discussions
Kallistos Ware, Assistant Bishop in the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain, sometime Spalding Lecturer of Eastern Orthodox Studies at the University of Oxford and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford.
During the middle of the 12th century, there were vigorous debates in Constantinople concerning the nature of the eucharistic sacrifice. Is the eucharist a true sacrifice and, if so, what is its relation to the sacrifice of Christ on the cross? Particular account will be taken in this lecture of councils of Constantinople of 1146 and 1147.
Wednesday 6 February 4th week
Union with Christ in Walter Hilton’s and Julian of Norwich’s writings
Antje Carrel, DPhil Student in English Literature (PRS), Lincoln College, University of Oxford.
Through the revelation of Christ as both Son of God and Son of Man, we are invited to enjoy the fullest consummation of the reality of our being: partaking in the triune life of God. This mystical union, the experience of the Godhead through the spiritual senses, is only possible by means of Christ. Walter Hilton and Julian of Norwich, both fourteenth-century mystics in England, understood being in Christ as an ontological union, thus interpreting the image of God in humanity as the ground for the prelapsarian union that binds Creator to creature. Hilton and Julian’s writings identified the outcomes of such a union with the Incarnate One as metaphysical, sacramental, and ecclesiological. In this way, they emphasized the participatory nature of union with Christ, and encouraged their readers − from the late fourteenth century to the present day − to invest their spiritual life with new meaning.
Wednesday 20 February 6th week
Breugel and Incarnation – Seeing Salvation Afresh
Andrew Teal, Chaplain, Fellow, and Lecturer in Patristic & Modern Theology, Pembroke College, Oxford.
The change of gear from high Gothic art through Bosch, Bruegel, and beyond, is often seen as an indication of developing humanist tendencies in Western art and theology, and the abandonment of the central motifs of Christian imagery. We will explore this with examples of subjects across artists (for example the Temptation of St Anthony), with a view to assessing this assumption. Rather than seeing Bruegel as a humanistic step in the West, we will test whether, rather, it may be indicative of embeddedness of God in obscurity, and a quest to discern the incarnation’s deepest significance.